Kiandra

/kaɪˈændrə/ (say kuy'andruh)

noun
a historic mining area in south-eastern NSW, within the Kosciuszko National Park; former goldmining town and claimed to be the site of the second oldest ski club in the world.
Kiandra, the first town in the Snowy Mountains area, was established in 1860 following the discovery of gold, on land traditionally inhabited by the Ngarigo people. A ski club, claimed to be the second in the world, was formed here around 1880 after skiing was introduced by Norwegian miners in 1861 as a means of winter transport. The population reached approximately 15 000 during the peak mining period 1859–60, but soon declined owing to the extremely difficult winter conditions. Kiandra was one of the first Australian goldfields to use sluicing techniques; the Three Mile Dam at Mt Selwyn was built in 1882 by Chinese miners for sluicing. The town declined from the end of the 19th century and is now a ghost town.

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

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